A bunion is a common foot-related issue and podiatry. A bunion manifests as an area of bump that is located on the outside side of the toe which is the largest. It's the result of an anomaly in bone. It can cause toes to become misaligned. stretching the toes in the direction of the toes on the opposite side.

The condition could be uncomfortable, but at times it does not feel different. The resultant dislocation of the toes can cause difficulties in walking. The result is eventually painful. If not addressed by a doctor, the resultant deformity may be permanent.


Bunions could result from any one of these causes and are occasionally caused by unknown causes:

  • Genetic disorder.

  • Flat foot.

  • The ligaments are extremely flexible.

  • Changes in bone structure.

  • Diabetes.

  • The wrong footwear.

  • The feet are under pressure and the feet get a lot of pressure.

  • Arthritis.

The Symptoms

What can you do to determine whether the bunion is developing before it's already there in all its bouncy splendor? Here's how:

  • There is redness and inflammation on the external surface of the big toe.

  • A slight shift in the direction of the top of the big toe.

  • Skin thickening under the big toe.

  • The second foot has calluses.

  • Foot pain.

  • The rigidity or discomfort during the movement of the big toe.

Diagnose -

The diagnosis of bunions is made through visual inspection alone, as all symptoms are clearly visible and they don't overlap with other ailments. The physical exam will be involving feeling around the toes and their flexibility, and the severity of pain.

Tests for blood can be performed to determine the reason of the bunion. It could be it diabetes, arthritis or something else.

X-rays can be used to pinpoint the exact degree of deformity and to determine the condition of the foot bones.


The treatment for bunions in Perth is surgical. Bunionectomy is the most commonly used treatment option. It involves the removal of a portion of the bone or swelling tissues to restore the form of the feet and toes. The total recovery time is around 8 weeks, but the patient is able to walk that same day.

But, surgery is not the only option. Non-surgical podiatric treatment is advised and generally, it does the job. Some methods are:

  • Shoes specifically designed for bunions. It can ease pain and also prevents further deformities.

  • Utilizing HAV night splints, you can stretch the muscle of the adductor halluces.

  • Physical Therapy to build the adductor hallucis muscle.

  • Orthoses to stop any abnormal movements.

  • A medical tape that keeps the toes aligned and prevent further discomfort and further misalignment.

  • Acetaminophen can ease pain and is suggested over Ibuprofen and naproxen.

  • Arch supports or cushioning to protect bunions.

  • Ice packs as well as Epsom salt to reduce the swelling.

Bunions can be treated however in some instances the condition is permanent. Depending on the outcome of the treatment for podiatric issues in conjunction with lifestyle adjustments to lessen pressure and pain, surgery may or might not be necessary. If the conventional treatment doesn't address the bunion pain, your Podiatrist in Perth may suggest bunionectomy or surgical removal of the bunion